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THE BOOK OF THE DEAD
The Papyrus of Ani
IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM. THE EGYPTIAN TEXT WITH INTERLINEAR TRANSLITERATION AND TRANSLATION, A RUNNING TRANSLATION, INTRODUCTION, ETC.
by E. A. WALLIS BUDGE Late keeper of Assyrian and Egyptian Antiquities in the British Museum [1895]

 

The Book of the Dead is the modern name of an ancient Egyptian funerary text, used from the beginning of the New Kingdom (around 1550 BC) to around 50 BC.

The original Egyptian name for the text, transliterated rw nw prt m hrw is translated as "Book of Coming Forth by Day".

Another translation would be "Book of emerging forth into the Light". The text consists of a number of magic spells intended to assist a dead person's journey through the Duat, or underworld, and into the afterlife.

The Book of the Dead was part of a tradition of funerary texts which includes the earlier Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts. Some of the spells included were drawn from these older works and date to the 3rd millennium BC. Other spells were composed later in Egyptian history, dating to the Third Intermediate Period (11th to 7th centuries BC).


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