by R.H. Charles, Oxford: Clarendon Press,
Scanned and Edited by Joshua Williams, Northwest Nazarene
Sacrifice of Noah, 1-3 (cf. Gen. vii.20-2). God's convenant with Noah, eating
of blood forbidden, 4-10 (cf. Gen. ix. 1-17). Moses bidden to renew this law against
the eating of blood, 11-14. Bow set in the clouds for a sign, 15-16. Feast of
weeks instituted, history of its observances, 17-22. Feast of the new moons, 23-8.
Division of the year into 364 days, 29-38)
And on the new moon of the third month he went forth from the ark, and built
an altar on that mountain.
And he made atonement for the earth, and took a kid and made atonement by
its blood for all the guilt of the earth; for everything that had been on it
had been destroyed, save those that were in the ark with Noah.
And he placed the fat thereof on the altar, and he took an ox, and a goat,
and a sheep and kids, and salt, and a turtle-dove, and the young of a dove,
and placed a burnt sacrifice on the altar, and poured thereon an offering mingled
with oil, and sprinkled wine and strewed frankincense over everything, and caused
a goodly savour to arise, acceptable before the Lord.
And the Lord smelt the goodly savour, and He made a covenant with him that
there should not be any more a flood to destroy the earth; that all the days
of the earth seed-time and harvest should never cease; cold and heat, and summer
and winter, and day and night should not change their order, nor cease for ever.
'And you, increase ye and multiply upon the earth, and become many upon
it, and be a blessing upon it. The fear of you and the dread of you I will inspire
in everything that is on earth and in the sea.
And behold I have given unto you all beasts, and all winged things, and
everything that moves on the earth, and the fish in the waters, and all things
for food; as the green herbs, I have given you all things to eat.
But flesh, with the life thereof, with the blood, ye shall not eat; for
the life of all flesh is in the blood, lest your blood of your lives be required.
At the hand of every man, at the hand of every (beast) will I require the blood
Whoso sheddeth man's blood by man shall his blood be shed, for in the image
of God made He man.
And you, increase ye, and multiply on the earth.'
And Noah and his sons swore that they would not eat any blood that was in
any flesh, and he made a covenant before the Lord God for ever throughout all
the generations of the earth in this month.
On this account He spake to thee that thou shouldst make a covenant with
the children of Israel in this month upon the mountain with an oath, and that
thou shouldst sprinkle blood upon them because of all the words of the covenant,
which the Lord made with them for ever.
And this testimony is written concerning you that you should observe it
continually, so that you should not eat on any day any blood of beasts or birds
or cattle during all the days of the earth, and the man who eats the blood of
beast or of cattle or of birds during all the days of the earth, he and his
seed shall be rooted out of the land.
And do thou command the children of Israel to eat no blood, so that their
names and their seed may be before the Lord our God continually.
And for this law there is no limit of days, for it is for ever. They shall
observe it throughout their generations, so that they may continue supplicating
on your behalf with blood before the altar; every day and at the time of morning
and evening they shall seek forgiveness on your behalf perpetually before the
Lord that they may keep it and not be rooted out.
And He gave to Noah and his sons a sign that there should not again be a
flood on the earth.
He set His bow in the cloud for a sign of the eternal covenant that there
should not again be a flood on the earth to destroy it all the days of the earth.
For this reason it is ordained and written on the heavenly tablets, that
they should celebrate the feast of weeks in this month once a year, to renew
the covenant every year.
And this whole festival was celebrated in heaven from the day of creation
till the days of Noah -twenty-six jubilees and five weeks of years (1309
AM) and Noah and his sons observed it for seven jubilees and one week of
years (1309-1659 AM), till the day of Noah's death (1659 AM), and from the day of Noah's death his sons
did away with (it) until the days of Abraham, and they eat blood.
But Abraham observed it, and Isaac and Jacob and his children observed it
up to thy days, and in thy days the children of Israel forgot it until ye celebrated
it anew on this mountain.
And do thou command the children of Israel to observe this festival in all
their generations for a commandment unto them: one day in the year in this month
they shall celebrate the festival.
For it is the feast of weeks and the feast of first fruits: this feast is
twofold and of a double nature: according to what is written and engraven concerning
it, celebrate it.
For I have written in the book of the first law, in that which I have written
for thee, that thou shouldst celebrate it in its season, one day in the year,
and I explained to thee its sacrifices that the children of Israel should remember
and should celebrate it throughout their generations in this month, one day
in every year.
And on the new moon of the first month, and on the new moon of the fourth
month, and on the new moon of the seventh month, and on the new moon of the
tenth month are the days of remembrance, and the days of the seasons in the
four divisions of the year. These are written and ordained as a testimony for
And Noah ordained them for himself as feasts for the generations for ever,
so that they have become thereby a memorial unto him.
And on the new moon of the first month he was bidden to make for himself
an ark, and on that (day) the earth became dry and he opened (the ark) and saw
And on the new moon of the fourth month the mouths of the depths of the
abyss beneath were closed. And on the new moon of the seventh month all the
mouths of the abysses of the earth were opened, and the waters began to descend
And on the new moon of the tenth month the tops of the mountains were seen,
and Noah was glad.
And on this account he ordained them for himself as feasts for a memorial
for ever, and thus are they ordained.
And they placed them on the heavenly tablets, each had thirteen weeks; from
one to another (passed) their memorial, from the first to the second, and from
the second to the third, and from the third to the fourth.
And all the days of the commandment will be two and fifty weeks of days,
and (these will make) the entire year complete. Thus it is engraven and ordained
on the heavenly tablets.
And there is no neglecting (this commandment) for a single year or from
year to year.
And command thou the children of Israel that they observe the years according
to this reckoning- three hundred and sixty-four days, and (these) will constitute
a complete year, and they will not disturb its time from its days and from its
feasts; for everything will fall out in them according to their testimony, and
they will not leave out any day nor disturb any feasts.
But if they do neglect and do not observe them according to His commandment,
then they will disturb all their seasons and the years will be dislodged from
this (order), (and they will disturb the seasons and the years will be dislodged)
and they will neglect their ordinances.
And all the children of Israel will forget and will not find the path of
the years, and will forget the new moons, and seasons, and sabbaths and they
will go wrong as to all the order of the years.
For I know and from henceforth will I declare it unto thee, and it is not
of my own devising; for the book (lies) written before me, and on the heavenly
tablets the division of days is ordained, lest they forget the feasts of the
covenant and walk according to the feasts of the Gentiles after their error
and after their ignorance.
For there will be those who will assuredly make observations of the moon
-how (it) disturbs the seasons and comes in from year to year ten days too soon.
For this reason the years will come upon them when they will disturb (the
order), and make an abominable (day) the day of testimony, and an unclean day
a feast day, and they will confound all the days, the holy with the unclean,
and the unclean day with the holy; for they will go wrong as to the months and
sabbaths and feasts and jubilees.
For this reason I command and testify to thee that thou mayst testify to
them; for after thy death thy children will disturb (them), so that they will
not make the year three hundred and sixty-four days only, and for this reason
they will go wrong as to the new moons and seasons and sabbaths and festivals,
and they will eat all kinds of blood with all kinds of flesh.
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