We give first the Bible history of the Deluge, as found in Genesis (chap. vi.
to chap. viii.):
"And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth,
and daughters were born unto them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men
that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.
"And the Lord said, My Spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he
also is flesh: yet his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.
"There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the
sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them,
the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
"And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every
imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And it repented
the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. And
the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth;
both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it
repenteth me that I have made them. But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord.
["These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his
generations, and Noah walked with God. And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and
"The earth also was corrupt before God; and the earth was filled with violence.
And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had
corrupted his way upon the earth. And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh
is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold,
I will destroy them with the earth. Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt
thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch. And this
is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three
hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.
A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above;
and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second,
and third stories shalt thou make it. And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood
of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life,
from under heaven; and everything that is in the earth shall die. But with thee
will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy
sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee. And of every living thing of
all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive
with thee; they shall be male and female. Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle
after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind; two of
every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive. And take thou unto thee of
all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for
food for thee, and for them.
"Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he.
"And the Lord said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; for
thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation. Of every clean beast
thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that
are not clean by two, the male and his female. Of fowls also of the air by sevens,
the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth. For
yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty
nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the
face of the earth.
"And Noah did according unto all that the Lord commanded him. And Noah was
six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth.
"And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him,
into the ark, because of the waters of the flood. Of clean beasts, and of beasts
that are not clean, and of fowls, and of everything that creepeth upon the earth,
there went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as
God had commanded Noah.
"And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon
the earth. In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the
seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great
deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. And the rain was upon the
earth forty days and forty nights. In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem,
and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of
his sons with them, into the ark; they, and every beast after his kind, and all
the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth
after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort. And they
went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath
of life. And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had
commanded him: and the Lord shut him in.
"And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and
bare up the ark, and it was lifted up above the earth. And the waters prevailed,
and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went Upon the face of the
waters. And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high
bills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. Fifteen cubits upward did
the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered. And all flesh died that moved
upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping
thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: all in whose nostrils was the
breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. And every living substance
was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and
the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from
the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.
And the waters prevailed upon the earth a hundred and fifty days.
"And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was
with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters
assuaged. The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped,
and the rain from heaven was restrained. And the waters returned from off the
earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters
were abated. And the ark rested in the seventh mouth, on the seventeenth day of
the month, upon the mountains of Ararat. And the waters decreased continually
until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the mouth, were
the tops of the mountains seen.
"And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window
of the ark which he had made: and be sent forth a raven, which went forth to and
fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth. Also he sent forth a dove
from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground. But
the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into
the ark; for the waters were on the face of the whole earth. Then he put forth
his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark. And he stayed
yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark. And the
dove came in to him in the evening, and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf plucked
off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth. And he stayed
yet other seven days, and sent forth the dove, which returned not again unto him
"And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month,
the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah
removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground
was dry. And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month,
was the earth dried.
"And God spake unto Noah, saying, Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife,
and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee. Bring forth with thee every living
thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl and of cattle, and of every
creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly it)
the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.
"And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and big sons' wives with
him: every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth
upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark.
"And Noah builded an altar unto the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and
of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. And the Lord smelled
a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground
any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth:
neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. While
the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter,
and day and night shall not cease."
Let us briefly consider this record.
It shows, taken in connection with the opening chapters of Genesis:
1. That the land destroyed by water was the country in which the civilization
of the human race originated. Adam was at first naked (Gen., chap. iii., 7); then
he clothed himself in leaves; then in the skins of animals (chap. iii., 21): be
was the first that tilled the earth, having emerged from a more primitive condition
in which be lived upon the fruits of the forest (chap. ii., 16); his son Abel
was the first of those that kept flocks of sheep (chap. iv., 2); his son Cain
was the builder of the first city (chap. iv., 17); his descendant, Tubal-cain,
was the first metallurgist (chap. iv., 22); Jabal was the first that erected tents
and kept cattle (chap. iv., 20); Jubal was the first that made musical instruments.
We have here the successive steps by which a savage race advances to civilization.
We will see hereafter that the Atlanteans passed through precisely similar stages
2. The Bible agrees with Plato in the statement that these Antediluvians had
reached great populousness and wickedness, and that it was on account of their
wickedness God resolved to destroy them.
3. In both cases the inhabitants of the doomed land were destroyed in a great
catastrophe by the agency of water; they were drowned.
4. The Bible tells us that in an earlier age, before their destruction, mankind
had dwelt in a happy, peaceful, sinless condition in a Garden of Eden. Plato tells
us the same thing of the earlier ages of the Atlanteans.
5. In both the Bible history and Plato's story the destruction of the people
was largely caused by the intermarriage of the superior or divine race, "the sons
of God," with an inferior stock, "the children of men," whereby they were degraded
and rendered wicked.
We will see hereafter that the Hebrews and their Flood legend are closely connected
with the Phnicians, whose connection with Atlantis is established in many ways.
It is now conceded by scholars that the genealogical table given in tho Bible
(Gen., chap. x.) is not intended to include the true negro races, or the Chinese,
the Japanese, the Finns or Lapps, the Australians, or the American red men. It
refers altogether to the Mediterranean races, the Aryans, the Cushites, the Phnicians,
the Hebrews, and the Egyptians. "The sons of Ham" were not true negroes, but the
dark-brown races. (See Winchell's "Preadamites," chap. vii.)
If these races (the Chinese, Australians, Americans, etc.) are not descended
from Noah they could not have been included in the Deluge. If neither China, Japan,
America, Northern Europe, nor Australia were depopulated by the Deluge, the Deluge
could not have been universal. But as it is alleged that it did destroy a country,
and drowned all the people thereof except Noah and his family, the country so
destroyed could not have been Europe, Asia, Africa, America, or Australia, for
there has been no universal destruction of the people of those regions; or, if
there had been, how can we account for the existence to-day of people on all of
those continents whose descent Genesis does not trace back to Noah, and, in fact,
about whom the writer of Genesis seems to have known nothing?
We are thus driven to one of two alternative conclusions: either the Deluge
record of the Bible is altogether fabulous, or it relates to some land other than
Europe, Asia, Africa, or Australia, some land that was destroyed by water. It
is not fabulous; and the land it refers to is not Europe, Asia, Africa, or Australia--but
Atlantis. No other land is known to history or tradition that was overthrown in
a great catastrophe by the agency of water; that was civilized, populous, powerful,
and given over to wickedness.
That high and orthodox authority, Franis Lenormant, says ("Ancient Hist.
of the East," vol. i., p. 64), "The descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japhet, so admirably
catalogued by Moses, include one only of the races of humanity, the white race,
whose three chief divisions he gives us as now recognized by anthropologists.
The other three races--yellow, black, and red--have no place in the Bible list
of nations sprung from Noah." As, therefore, the Deluge of the Bible destroyed
only the land and people of Noah, it could not have been universal. The religious
world does not pretend to fix the location of the Garden of Eden. The Rev. George
Leo Haydock says, "The precise situation cannot be ascertained; bow great might
be its extent we do not know;" and we will see hereafter that the unwritten traditions
of the Church pointed to a region in the west, beyond the ocean which bounds Europe
in that direction, as the locality in which "mankind dwelt before the Deluge."
It will be more and more evident) as we proceed in the consideration. of the
Flood legends of other nations, that the Antediluvian World was none other than
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