COMPENDIUM OF WORLD HISTORY
A Dissertation Presented to The Faculty of the Ambassador College Graduate School of Education In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy
by Herman L. Hoeh
© 1963 1966, 1969 Edition
CHAPTER XII A
FURTHER MIGRATIONS TO FRANCE
The old Trojan House, of the line of Dardanus, was restored to power after the Greek defeat at Troy in 1149. The Greeks did not preserve the history of this restoration for two reasons. One, they did not want to recall their defeat in 1149. Second, their writers deliberately confused the history of Troy to make it appear that only one great war occurred between the victorious Greek states and the Trojans. This corruption of Trojan history was the direct result of trying to make Greek history conform to a distorted account of Egyptian history.
The full story of the royal Trojan House that returned to power in Troy has been preserved -- of all places -- in the records of the Spanish Hapsburgs! The reason? The Hapsburgs were in fact lineal descendants of the House of Troy!
A complete list of Trojan rulers after the fall of Troy in 1181 may be found in the original Spanish work by Bartholome Gutierrez entitled: 'Historia del estado presente y antiguo, de la mui noble y mui leal ciudad de Xerez de la Frontera.' It was published in Xerez, Spain in 1886.
A son of Priam, during that fateful 10-year war which ended in 1181, was named Helenus (See 'Lempriere's Classical Dictionary,' art. 'Helenus'.) Through him the royal line was preserved in the Near East.
Helenus was given, by the Greeks, a part of Epirus. After 1149 his descendants captured control of Troy from the Greeks and the Jewish House of Dardanus was once again restored to Troy. The Spanish history records the following names of his descendants who governed Troy until the Third Trojan War which ended the city in 677.
|Princes of Troy (with the common Latin endings) |
|1. Zenter, son of Helenus and grandson of Priam.|
|10. Plaserius II|
|11. Antenor I|
|12. Trianus or Priam II|
|13. Helenus II|
|14. Plesron II|
|15. Basavelian II|
16. Alexander -- the Paris of the last war against Troy. There were about 17 generations (including Helenus) in somewhat over five centuries or approximately 30 years per generation during this period.
Members of the Trojan royal family and most of the population fled to the northern shores of the Black Sea in eastern Europe after 677.
For the next two and a third centuries after 677 (the date of the final fall of Troy in a third war) there were the following 12 generations -- averaging about 21 years between generations. None of these men were kings in the strict sense until Antenor, who died in 445. The genealogy of the Jewish Trojan House continues as follows:
|1. Priam III, son of Alexander or Paris.|
|5. Helenus III|
|6. Plasserius III|
|7. Dilulius II|
|9. Priam IV|
|10. Helenus IV|
|11. Antenor II , who assumed kingly power among the refugees from Troy in Southeastern Europe|
But, before we continue with Marcomir, the son of Antenor, another part of the story should be told. The 8th century anonymous 'Frankish Chronicle' (De Rebus Francorum) states that after the fall of Troy in 1181 about 12,000 Trojans fled by ship across the Black Sea to the mouth of the Tanais. From there they spread to the Maeotic Swamps and as far as the borders of Pannonia.
This account agrees very well with the report of Dionysius of Halicarnassus in his 'Roman Antiquities,' I, 46, 47, who states that after the fall of Troy '... a larger number escaped than were taken prisoner ... the Achaeans, intent on capturing the citadel, were giving no thought to the pursuit of the multitude who were escaping from the city .... Aeneas abandoned the palace; and opening the gates he marched forth with the rest of the fugitives in good order ... they were joined not only by the inhabitants of Dardanus ... but by the whole populace of Ophyrnium .... this force of the Trojans became a very large one.' In other words, a large number of people escaped.
Dionysius goes on to state that they obtained permission from the Greeks to travel about unmolested in order to find a new country in which to settle. Aeneas headed to the Greek coast near Thessalonika, and from there southwards to the Mediterranean and Italy. But others took a different route. '... Ascanius, his eldest son, with some of the allies, chiefly Phrygians, (went) to the country of Dascylitis (near the Bosphorus) .... But Ascanius did not tarry there for any length of time ....' He returned to the site of Troy and tried to reestablish the city.
Here Dionysius breaks off the account about Ascanius. We know, however, that Ascanius did not remain at the site of Troy, for Virgil and others report him as being with his father Aeneas in Italy shortly afterwards.
But what of the Phrygian army that was with Ascanius? It did not go with him to Italy. This could be, however, the army of 12,000 which according to the 'Chronicle' settled at the mouth of the Danube.
Fredegarius Scholasticus, claiming Jerome as his authority, says that the Trojans fled, some to Macedonia, some to the Danube under a king Friga. Greek historians, like Strabo, generally confirm this exodus to Macedonia, but are silent about Friga. Since this name can mean, in Greek, simply 'the Phrygian', this just indicates that the Phrygians, under some obscure Phrygian leader, crossed over to the European shore and settled in Macedonia, Pannonia and near the mouth of the Danube.
Fredegarius, the 'Frankish Chronicle' and Hugo of St. Victor all agree with 'Smith's Dictionary' in stating that the Phrygians settled in that general area of the Balkans. The Macedonians, according to the latter, called the Phrygians Bryges. Gregory of Tours also states that the Franks were originally in Pannonia.
From the lower Danube and Pannonia the Trojan Phrygians moved on into Europe. Fredegarius and the later 'K”nigschronik' both claim that they moved under a king Franko or Francio to the mouth of the Rhine where they built New Troy at Xanten (a rivulet named after Xanthus, the river of Phrygia). That a New Troy was built at Xanten is attested to by the Romans, who called the town of Xanten Troia Nova. (See 'Der Grosse Brockhaus,' article 'Troia Nova'.) In the same way Julius Caesar called the Londoners Trinovantes in reference to their city having been founded as New Troy by Brutus.
The original settling of the Franks at the mouth of the Rhine is supported by Procopius: '... the Rhine empties into the ocean ... and this is where the Germans lived of old ... who are now called Franks' (Procopius of Caesarea, 'History of the Wars,' V, xii, 7, 8). Holland, in other words, was the first home of the Franks in Western Europe. It is in the region of Scythia Minor that Hunibald, the Frankish chronicler, begins his history. According to him the Trojans, having dwelt in this region for a number of years after the fall of Troy, are finally involved in a series of wars with the Goths from Scandinavia.
In 445 B.C. their leader Antenor falls in battle against the Goths.
From this point in history begins Hunibald's list of Frankish kings.
The Trojans who left Troy in 677 after the Third Trojan War went to the area of the Black Sea where they joined the group that had been led there by Ascanius after the First Trojan War in 1181. Both were Trojans, both went to the northern shores of the Black Sea but, at different times. Both record the same kings as they proceed across Europe.
|Kings||Length of Reign||Dates|
|1. Antenor: a king over Trojan settlers on the Black Sea, himself of royal Trojan blood. Died in 445|
|2. Marcomirus I: king of the Sicambri (from the German Cimbri in whose ancient territory they settled). In 441 he brought the people out of Scythia and seated them on the Danube. During a council he was told by a pagan priest to go west where Brutus of Troy had previously gone. A pagan prophecy promises him victory over the Gauls and the Romans. Sends embassy to Saxons and asks for land in which to settle. |
In April 439 B.C. they leave the lower Danube and move overland, first north, then west, to the mouth of the Rhine. A total of 489,360 persons (including 175,658 warriors but not including slaves and servants) take part. Marcomirus had brothers Priam, Panthenor and Sunno. They settled the country now called West Friesland, Gelders and Holland. Marcomirus crossed the Rhine and conquered part of Gaul. One of his brothers was made governor. Then the conquest of all Gaul was gradually completed.
Marcomirus, according to the 'Chronicle of Hunibald', dies 926 years before the death of the first Christian king of the Franks, Clovis, in 511.
|3. Antenor I marries Cambra, the beautiful daughter of Belinus, king of Britain. |
She introduces worship of Janus, establishes herself as prophetess and priestess of Diana. From Cambra the Scythian Trojans begin to call themselves Sicambri.
Antenor's nephew, Grun, builds Gr”ningen in 386 B.C.
Antenor conquered Phrygia -- the original Trojan homeland -- and slew all the males. (This recalls Judah's punishment of the Edomites, many of whom were now living in Phrygia.) He died in 386 when Artaxerxes Mnemon, king of Persia, having finished the Cyprian War, led an army of 300,000 men against the Cadusians.
|4. Priamus: under him Sicambrians adopt Saxon language, Greek being retained only by priests for purposes of religious worship. Neumagen, near the mouth of the Rhine, becomes seat of Jupiter worship established by Cambra.||26||386- 360|
|5. Helenus I: he erected an oratory to Pallas, whom he worshipped by sacrificing to her captive children. |
In 353 he slew 16,000 Gauls (Chaldeans) in battle in the land of the Tungri.
|6. Diocles: he has wars with both the Gauls and the Goths. |
In 331 B.C. Goths from Scania attack Saxons, but are repelled by a combined Sicambro-Saxon force. He aided the Saxons against the Goths in 327. In his absence the Gauls invaded his kingdom.
By the valour of his officers they were expelled, losing 78,000 men, besides captives and children
|7. Helenus II: an effeminate individual, unable to ward off attacks of Gauls. He was deposed in 288, after which 8 years of government under priestly rule followed.||14||302- 288|
|8. Bassanus Magnus: the warlike brother of Helenus, liked to present an image of self- righteousness. So very severe in his laws that he executed his own son for adultery and put away his wife for reviling him for it, and sent her to her father. |
In his eighth year he built many forts against incursions of the Gauls and finally obtained the full kingship in his possession. In his sixteenth year built the city Bassanburg, where many of his successors had their residence.
Trithemius calls this Aix la Chapelle). In 285 B.C, is attacked by father-in-law, king of the Orkneys, but repells him. In 264 B.C. takes over duties as priest of Jupiter, which leads to his ultimate deification as 'Theobasan.'
In 257 B.C. leads a successful campaign as far south as Koblenz. At this time Heligastus, the great prophet of the Sicambri, flourished.
Bassanus later conquered from the Saxons all the country from the entrance of the Rhine to Mentz. In year 29 he slew Thaborinus, king of the Togazani (now Westphalians). He put his son on the throne in 252 and then disappeared.
|9. Clodomir I: in his third year the Gauls demanded restitution of their lands. |
Clodomir overcame them by the aid of the king of Thuringia and Saxony.
|10. Nicanor: married Constantina, daughter of king of Britain. In his first year he aided the Saxons against the Slavs and Goths and returned with much spoil. In his third year he aided his father-in-law against the king of the Orcades. In 222 B.C. Sicambrians, Saxons and Thuringians defeat the Goths. In year 15 he was defeated by the Goths from Scandinavia, but afterwards expelled them. |
In 215 B.C. he aided the king of Britain in a war against the Orkneys, but was unsuccessful because of lack of experience in warfare on the sea.
|11. Marcomirus II: successfully attacked the Romans, Gauls, Goths in his first year. In his fifth year he commanded the acts of the Gauls to be written in rhyme and sung by the bards.||28||200- 172|
|12. Clodius I: in his tenth year the Romans and Gauls wasted his country. |
Being next year aided by the Saxons, he defeated them, but fell himself in the battle.
|13. Antenor II: he concluded a peace with the Gauls for ten years and abolished the Trojan custom of sacrificing his enemies' children. ||16||161- 145|
|14. Clodomirus II: in histenth year the Gauls broke the peace. They were overcome in 125, the last year of his reign.||20||145- 125|
|15. Merodachus: in his fifth year he levied an army of 220,000 of his own people with Saxons and Germans and entered Italy as far as Ravenna. In his fifteenth year, because of several inundations of the sea and the Rhine, the Sicambri and Cimbri were forced to transplant themselves to the interior -- the Hercynian Forest -- about modern Bohemia. In his twentieth year the Romans and Gauls invaded their territories and set the Goths and Slavs on the Saxons that they might not aid the Sicambri. In year 23 (102-101) the Sicambri joined the Cimbri in a war against Rome. They were all defeated by Marius. |
After this defeat Merodachus, with a fresh army, marched against the Gauls, gave them a great defeat and settled again in their old country.
|16. Cassander: in his second year the Romans and Gauls entered his kingdom. In his ninth year he aided Arabius, king of the Saxons, against Berobista, king of the Goths, who after five years again invaded Germany. |
Cassander, aided by Damercus king of the Thuringi, expelled the Goths.
|17. Antharius: in his twentieth year some of Caesar's soldiers revolted to the Sicambri, who refused to deliver them up at Caesar's demand. |
Caesar, in revenge, entered their country and marched all the way to Britain 55-54. In 41 Antharius and 2000 of his men were slain by the Gauls. He was the last 'King of the Sicambri'.
Hereafter the Sicambri were called Franks or Franconians after the name of his son and successor, Francus.
THE KINGS OF THE FRANKS
|Kings||Length of Reign||Dates|
|18. Francus marries a pagan priestess, daughter of king of Thuringia. In his third year the Goths encroached upon the country and remained there for ten years, after which Francus expelled them. In the fourth year the name of Sicambri was changed to Franci by an edict at the people's request. The next year, being at war with the Goths, the Gauls wasted his dominions. As punishment he levied an army of 300,000 men and invading their country took much spoil and killed 200,000 people of all sexes and ages. The Romans hearing of this victory sent Lollius with forces into Germany. |
A long struggle with Rome followed. He made a league with the Germans and Saxons after their Roman allies were defeated.
|19. Clodius II or Clogio: an astronomer and diviner. |
This king of the Franconians fought the Romans in his second year.
|20. Herimerus: he was slain in battle by Romans and Gauls.||12||18- 30|
|21. Marcomirus III: a brother of Herimerus. Phrysius, a brother of Marcomirus was governor of Frisia.||18||30- 48|
|22. Clodomirus III: he devastated northern Gaul in 55 A.D. He recovered all that his predecessors had lost and fought with the Romans near Mentz and wasted the country of Triers.||12||48- 60|
|23. Antenor III: he drowns in the Rhine with much of his army while retreating from Gaul.||6||60- 66|
|24. Ratherius: he renewed the league with the Germans and Saxons in 74. He founded Rotterdam and was buried there.||21||66- 87|
|25. Richimerus I: he was strongly religious and even became a pagan high priest. In 97 he repelled a Gothic attack on Saxony. He sent 18,000 settlers under son Sunno into Saxony to secure it against Goths. He fought with the Romans and Gauls near Basana (now Aix-la- Chapelle) in 99. He received aid of Winderchind, king of the Saxons, and Verminfrid, king of the Thuringi, in 101. He opposed the Goths who invaded Germany. The Franks, Germans and Saxons planted colonies in that part of Germany, which is now called Brandenburg, in 106.||24||87- 111|
|26. Odomar: made a league with the Romans and Gauls. Founder of Utrecht and builder of Odemarsheim in 117.||14||111- 125|
|27. Marcomirus IV:marries Athilde, daughter of the king of Britain His son, Frank, builds Helenopolis (Frankfort), another son becomes pagan priest. He rebuilt Marburg in the Landgraviate of Hesse.||21||125- 146|
|28. Clodomirus IV:marries Hasilda, daughter of the king of Rugen.||17||146- 163|
|29. Farabertus: he renewed the ancient league with the Germans. In his reign the Dutch (Niederlander) are first mentioned.||20||163- 183|
|30. Sunno or Hunno:warred with the Romans and Gauls. Upon the death of the Emperor Severus, in 211, he entered Gaul and wasted it with fire and sword.||28||183- 211|
|31. Hildericus: he built a castle on an isle in the Rhine and called it Hildeburg, 214. Introduced a period of cultural and architectural expansion.||40||211- 251|
|32. Bartherus: the Franks attacked in 256 -- the year the last Odin invaded Saxony and led many of the tribes of Israel to northwestern Europe. Raids of Franks, Thuringians and Bavarians continue to 259 in Gaul and Italy. In 262 Franks and Saxons carry a raid as far south as Tarragona, which they besiege. They spoiled Italy, as far as Ravenna, 264 and razed the town of Aragon to the ground, 267.||18||251- 269|
|33. Clodius III or Clogio: in 283 he entered Gaul, and having slain many Romans, recovered some of that which he had formerly lost. But, the Romans again expelled him in 289.||27||269- 296|
|34. Walter||8||296- 304|
|35. Dagobertus I||11||304- 315|
|36. Clodius IV or Clogio: the Romans and Gauls invaded Franconia in 317. Clogio was slain in battle.||2||315- 317|
|37. Clodomirus V: brother of Clogio IV. Sends in 322 A.D. 30,000 colonists to river Main and establishes Dukedom of Franconia which survives under 21 Dukes till Pepin the Short. He aided the Sarmata against the Romans, of whom he slew 36,000 in 321. The Franks were now permitted to resettle themselves where Holland, Utrecht, Gelders, part of Friesia, Westphalia and Brabant now lie. The Franks now split, the East Franks settling in Germany. Their dukes are listed later.||18||317- 335|
|38. Richimir II: opposed Constantius with 200,000 men in 342. He fought with the Romans and was slain in battle in 348.||13||335- 348|
|39. Theodomirus: makes Tongres his capital, attacks and burns Trier. Was taken by the Emperor Julian, who slew him and his mother.||10||348- 358|
|40. Clodius V or Clogio: to revenge his father's death he took Cambray, slew many Romans, entered Gaul and annexed much of it (as far as the Sagon River) to his dominions. In 369 Valentinian I defeats him by surprise attack. Pepin and Charlemagne are descended from this king's third son, Hector.||18||358- 376|
|41. Marcomirus V: the last 'King of the Franks' until reign of Pharamund. He obtained a great victory over the Romans at Cologne in 382 and recovered all that the Emperor had possessed, except Armorica or Little Brittany, in 390. He was slain in battle in 391. The Romans overpowered the Franks, commanded them to elect no more kings but dukes, in the reign of Theodosius the Great.||15||376- 391|
|42. Dagobert II: appointed governor (not king) after the death of Marcomirus, refuses Romans tribute. |
Valentinian II admires courage of Franks, is unable to retaliate because otherwise occupied and finally killed by Arbogast a Frank.
|43. Genebaldus: also a mere governor, dies without heir.||21||396- 417|
|44. Pharamundus: he is the5th duke of Franconia and was elected king.||7||417- 424|
|45. Clodius VI: teaches Franks to wear hair long to distinguish them from Gauls.||20||424- 444|
|46. Meroveus: after whom Franks were called Merovingians Takes Trier, makes great gains in Gaul.||12||444- 456|
|47. Hildericus II: this appears to have been a joint year with Meroveus, his father. At death of Meroveus the son was deposed by Egidius and rebellious nobles. Hildericus II flees to Thuringia. |
Egidius: a Roman, set up by nobles in place of Hildericus. He was deposed. Hildericus: reinstated.
|48. Clodoveus or Clovis: accepts Roman Catholic religion. Baptized in 496 A.D.||30||481- 511|
DUKES OF THE EAST FRANKS
|Duke||Length of Reign||Dates|
|1. Genebald I: brother of Clodomlr IV, migrated with East Franks to the upper Rhine and became their first duke.||30||322- 352|
|2. Marcomer||21||352- 373|
|3. Claudius||10||373- 383|
|4. Marcomer II||16||383- 399|
|5. Pharamund became king of the West Franks in 417. |
He is reckoned by early historians as the first king of France. In 424 the succession passed to Clodion who founded the Merovingian Dynasty. Its kings all wore long hair.
They kept their kingly office until the Pope suggested to the East Franks (Germans) that they could gain the power over the Merovingians by cutting the king's hair.
The last Merovingian was accordingly tonsured. The government thereafter passed to Pippin, father of the German king Charlemagne, who restored the Roman Empire in the west in 800. The history of the Merovingians, who descended from the Trojan line and the house of Judah, is made especially interesting in a book entitled 'The Long-haired Kings,' by J. M. Wallace-Hadrill. (See especially chapter 7.)
The Merovingians recognized that though they came from Judah, they were not of the throne of David and would hold their power only so long as they kept a Nazarite tradition -- long hair -- symbolizing their subjection to a Higher Power -- God -- who rules supreme among men. (See Numbers 6.)
|6. Marcomer III: Pharamund with ruled in Franconia or Pharamund East Frankland 399-414; he ruled all France fromsole reign 417 till 424.|
Marcomer III, Pharamund's brother, ruled in Franconia until Pharamund died in 428 (see 'Mirror of History').
|7. Priamus||12||432- 444|
|8. Genebaldt II||20||444- 464|
|9. Sunno||23||464- 487|
|10. Clodius II: a West Frank, became duke of the East Franks (Germans).||16||487- 503|
|11. Clodomir||21||503- 524|
|12. Hugbald||26||524- 550|
|13. Helenus||30||550- 580|
|14. Gottfried||24||580- 604|
|15. Genebaldt III||20||604- 624|
|16. Clodomir II||23||624- 647|
|17. Heribert||30||647- 677|
|18. Clodoueus III||12||677- 689|
|19. Grosswert||26||689- 715|
|20. Gosspert||14||715- 729|
|21. Hetan||20||729- 749|
|Interregnum under Pepin||12||749- 761|
The succeeding history of the Franks is so well known and thoroughly documented as to be everywhere available.
Hunibald's chronicle helps clear up misunderstandings about the Franks presented by the incomplete accounts of other medieval writers.
Tyro Prosper (Augustine's friend), for instance, contradicts practically every other ancient historian by stating that the first king of the Franks was Priam, the father of Marcomir, Sunno and Genebald, who lived around 382 A.D. This Priam was none other than Dagobert II (391-396). Priam was another of Dagobert's names. Dagobert had three sons Marcomir, Sunno and Genebald. He was the first governor (i.e. first ruler of lower rank than king) of the Franks. Tyro Prosper obviously did not have all his facts straight.
Another great misconception about the Franks is an alleged migration from Pannonia in the days of emperor Valentinian. The 'Frankish Chronicle' and Hugo of St. Victor both state that Caesar Valentinian attempted to exact tribute from the Franks living in Pannonia, after these had helped him defeat the Alani. The Franks, refusing to pay, were eventually forced to leave Pannonia and settle at the mouth of the Rhine.
Some loopholes in this story are immediately evident. First of all, Roman history is silent about any dealings with the Franks or other Germans in Pannonia in the days of Valentinian. Secondly, Valentinian I was emperor in the West, and died in an expedition against the Quadi. He was never active in the East. The same is true for Valentinian II, in whose reign the co-emperor Theodosius defeated a league of Huns, Goths and Alans in Moesia. This incident may possibly be partly responsible for the story that the Franks helped Valentinian to defeat the Alans.
Hunibald again comes to our aid. He informs us that both the Valentinians fought against the Franks in the West, not in Pannonia. Valentinian I fought against Clogio V in 369. It was Valentinian II, in the West, who tried to impose the tribute on the Franks in the reigns of Marcomirus V and Dagobert II. The chroniclers probably confused Priam (Dagobert II) and his sons Marcomir, Sunno and Genebald, with the original migration from Pannonia under Marcomir I and his brothers Priam, Panthenor and Sunno. As a result of this confusion, the migration was misplaced by some 700 years. Again, this just serves to demonstrate how valuable Hunibald's account is in presenting us with the true picture.
There is a bit of difficulty regarding the name Sicambri by which the Franks were for a while known. Hunibald states that it was derived from Cambra, the wife of Antenor I. The 'Frankish Chronicle,' Hugo of St. Victor and Aethicus Hister maintain, on the other hand, that Sicambria was a city near the shore of the Black Sea and that from it the people were called Sicambri.
Aethicus Hister, the Scythian geographer of c. 650 A.D., relates in his 'Cosmographia' the interesting fact that Caracalla -- whom he calls Romulus -- encountered some Franks in the vicinity of Troy in 214 A.D. Aethicus states that after occupying the area of Troy (see also Dio's 'Roman History' 78.16.7) Caracalla 'fought with Francus and Vassus, who were of royal descent, and they were defeated .... For Francus and Vassus had concluded an alliance with the Albani (Goths) and they were both moving their armies against Romulus (Caracalla); they crossed Histria (the region of Istria on the Dalmatian coast) ....
After the most bloody encounter Romulus defeated them. When Francus and Vassus saw that their armies had been cut down they fled with a few who remained ... the land was ruined, laid waste and reduced to desolation; they were driven from their own belongings and together with a few companions ... entered Raetia and reached uninviting and deserted Germany ...' Here we have a small group of Franks moving into Germany. Could this be where the chroniclers mentioned earlier got their idea of a migration under a Francus?
A little later Franks again appear on the lower Danube, but this time as settlers actually brought in from Germany by Probus (276-281).
Zosimus relates in his History: 'But the Franks having applied to the Emperor, and having a country given to them, a part of them afterwards revolted, and having collected a great number of ships, disturbed all Greece; from whence they proceeded into Sicily, to Syracuse, which they attacked, and killed many people there. At length they arrived in Africa, whence they were repulsed by a body of men from Carthage, yet they returned home (to the Rhine) without any great loss' (Book I).
This adventurous excursion is also mentioned by Vopiscus and Capitolinus. Hunibald's Chronicle is from Johannes Trittenheim, 'Chronik von der Francken Ursprung,' Frankfurt, 1605.
THE HAPSBURGS ENTER
What connection have the Austrian Hapsburgs with the Trojan kings of the East Franks? Much more than historians today recognize. From Pharamond, king of the Franks, came a princely line of rulers who intermarried with Austrian royalty. This line is preserved in the 'Historia de Xerez' by Gutierrez, From Pharamond descended:
|Clotarius, whose son Sigibert became a king in Austria|
|Childubert, king of Austrasia and Burgundy|
|Theodobert, king of Austrasia|
|Ligibert, duke of Austrasia|
|Othobert, count of Altemburg|
|Rapatus, whose son became count of Hapsburg|
|Werner, count of Hapsburg|
|Rudolf II: of Hapsburg, who became Holy Roman Emperor in 1273.|
THE DUKES OF GAUL
At the end of the First Trojan War in 1181 still another group left Troy. These Trojans were led by Franco the son of Hector. The story of their migration to Gaul is extant. It is found in a medieval French chronicle -- 'Le Myreur d'Histoire' ('The Mirror of History'). This line of rulers is preserved from France to Clovis.
(NOTE: To view the chart placed here, see the file CMPDM2E.TIF in the Images\OtherWCG directory.)
|Ruler||Length of Reign||Dates|
|1. Franco I: he left Troy with Aeneas and Antenor. |
They sailed to Sizille (probably Sicily). Franco traveled to Italy and North Africa. Then with 3,000 of his followers he settled in southern Gaul.
They called the area Franche. The people were sons of Franco or Franchois. After his death they were known as Gauls.
|2. Melus: a son of Franco. He rebuilds Troy in 1145. His daughter, Odela, married Silvius the king of Italy.||51||1171-1120|
|3. Bosses: a son of Melus. |
He defeated Ascanius, king of Italy, in a battle. Bosses later married Grata the daughter of Ascanius. This may have settled the dispute between them.
|4. Ector I: he was the grandson of Broncus. |
Broncus was a son of Silvius and Odela. Ector founded Troy in Burgogne.
|5. Alemaine: son of Bosses. |
He conquered all Germany and fortified many cities.
Allemania, a section of Germany, derives its name from him
|6. Castor: founds the city of Castre. Died in a fight with Silvius, king of Italy.||30||1058-1028|
|7. Ylion I||40||1028- 988|
|8. Alienoir||28||988- 960|
|9. Gossain||12||960- 948|
|10 Ector II||19||948- 929|
|11. Athanaise||21||929- 908|
|12. Franco II: married Ydoneas the daughter of Agrippa king of the Latins.||10||908- 898|
|13. Yborus I: son of Franco II and Ydoneas. He had a war with his cousin, the king of Italy. Founded Lutesse.||15||898- 883|
|14 Anthenoire I||17||883- 866|
|15. Yolens: he conquered Cyprus.||43||866- 823|
|16. Prian I||26||823- 797|
|17. Yborus II: he repelled two attacks on Gaul from Amulius king of the Latins. His daughter, Oderne, married Gaffre the king of Africa. After Yborus died Amulius married his widow.||22||797- 775|
|18. Ector III||50||775- 725|
|19. Ylion II: he founded Limoges.||40||725- 685|
|20. Nay: he founded Turnay.||34||685- 651|
|21. Alymodes: he married the daughter of a Roman senator. He was victorious in a war with the Roman king Priscus. One of his children, Aquitaine, gave his name to the region in France.||74||651- 577|
|22. Orlins (Aurelian): builtand gave his name to Orleans.||54||577- 523|
|23. Avrengnas: Auvergne derives its name from this ruler. ||14||523- 509|
|24. Yborus III||40||509- 469|
|25. Frisones: Frise in Champagne is named after him. ||28||469- 441|
|26. Flambo: the Gauls took Rome as far as the capitol during his rule.||48||441- 393|
|27. Flandroc||33||393- 360|
|28. Turrus (Turnus): founded Tours. That section of France called 'Touraine' derives its name from him.||59||360- 301|
|29. Brugen: Bruges was founded by him. His brother Amyrus founded Amiens.||25||301- 276|
|30. Duanus (Duaynus)||16||276- 260|
|31. Camberacion: founded Cambray.||55||260- 205|
|32. Bretanges: Brittany is named after him.||10||205- 195|
|33. Cletus||22||195- 173|
|34. Franco III: he joined the Flemish and Burgundians against Rome. The Romans under Scipio were defeated.||53||173- 120|
|35. Prians II||56||120- 64|
|36. Yborus IV: Julius Caesar |
invaded Gaul and took
Paris while he ruled.
|37. Franco IV||28 B.C. 24- 5 AD.|
|38. Trojolus (Troielus) I||29||5- 34|
|39. Cloberius (Cloveius)||45||34- 79|
|40. Ector IV: he defeated the Romans and captured Emperor Domitian.||47||79- 126|
|41. Franco V: he was made duke of the Gauls by the Sicambrians. ||25||126- 151|
|42. Anthenoir II: he was dukeof Gaul and count of Flanders.||31||151- 182|
|43. Ector V||5||182- 187|
|44. Franco VI||8||187- 195|
|45. Troiolus II||27||195- 222|
|46. Marcones I: wars were fought in which the Romans lost nearly 30,000 soldiers.||44||222- 266|
|47. Ector VI; the Germans held Paris for a short time.||16||266- 282|
|48. Porus: Diocletian was defeated by the dukes of Gaul and Brittany. Martin Bishop of Tongre baptized Porus.||19||282- 301|
|49. Marcones (Merones) II||32||301- 333|
|50. Anthenoir III||10||333- 343|
|51. Ector VII||1||343- 344|
|52. Prian III||32||344- 376|
|53. Marchones III under regent joint with son 34 383- 417 sole (31) (383- 414)||7||376- 383|
KINGS OF FRANCE
|Ruler||Length of Reign||Dates|
|1. Pharamond||11||417- 428|
|2. Clodius||20||428- 448|
|3. Meroveux||10||448- 458|
|4. Celdris||23||458- 481|
|5. Cloveis||30||481- 511|
These are kings after Marcomirus V (376-391). Compare this list with that from the 'Chronicle of Hunibald.'
Historians would have us believe that Western Europe was inhabited by wild and barbarian Celts and Germans while Rome flourished in power and glory. But, the evidence proofs that civilized people migrated to Gaul and the Low Countries centuries before the founding of Rome.
In 1181 Troy fell to the Greek invaders. Franco, a son of Hector, fled to Southern Gaul. His group was later known as Gauls. Caesar subdued them during campaigns in Aquitania and proofnce.
Bavo and his followers arrived in Belgica in 1179. They were known as Belgians or Batavians. Another migration leaving in 1181 was led by Francus. They ultimately reached Celtica. The Celts lost their independence to Ursus (Belgian king) in 766. In 52 Caesar conquered both Gaul and Belgium.
Francio began a movement which eventually settled in Pannonia. One of their rulers, Brabon Silvius, was given Agrippina by Julius Caesar.
In 378 A.D. Gratian drove the Sicambrians out of Pannonia. Maximus
allowed them to migrate to Brabant. Clodius, king of the Franks, annexed Brabant. Thus, Brabon became a servant and Brabant a dukedom.
Trojans under Ascanius (1181) and Alexander (677) joined each other on the Danube. The trek across Europe began in 445. By 439 they reached the mouth of the Rhine. The Sicambrian and Frankish kings ruled the Trojans there. During the reign of Clodomirus V (317-335) the Franks split (East and West). Marcomirus V was the last king of the Franks until Pharamund.