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The Deadth of Gilgamesh


The death of Gilgamesh

The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature

ETCSL Home Page


A version from Nibru

SEGMENT A

unknown no. of lines missing

...... hero ...... has lain down and is never to rise again. ...... has lain down and is never to rise again. He of well-proportioned limbs ...... has lain down and is never to rise again. ...... has lain down and is never to rise again. He who ...... wickedness has lain down and is never to rise again. The young man ...... has lain down and is never to rise again. He who was perfect in ...... and feats of strength has lain down and is never to rise again. ...... has lain down and is never to rise again. The lord of Kulaba has lain down and is never to rise again. He who spoke most wisely has lain down and is never to rise again. The plunderer (?) of many countries has lain down and is never to rise again. He who climbed the mountains has lain down and is never to rise again. He has lain down on his death-bed and is never to rise again. He has lain down on a couch of sighs and is never to rise again.

Unable to stand up, unable to sit down, he laments. Unable to eat, unable to drink, he laments. Held fast by the door-bolt of Namtar, he is unable to rise. Like a fish ......, he ...... ill. Like a gazelle caught in a trap, he ...... couch. Namtar, with no hands or feet ......, Namtar .......

1 line fragmentary

6 lines missing

1 line fragmentary

...... great mountains ......

5 lines fragmentary

1 line missing

2 lines fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT B

3 lines fragmentary

For six days, he ...... ill. ...... on his skin like resin. Lord Gilgamec ...... ill. ...... Unug and Kulaba. ...... the words spoken .......

Then lord Gilgamec ...... lay down (?) on the death-bed. The king ...... sleep. ...... his dream ....... ...... assembly .......

1 line fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT C

6 lines fragmentary

"...... you will be accounted a god. ...... render verdicts. ...... will be as weighty as ...... of Dumuzid."

...... Gilgamec .......

3 lines fragmentary

...... lord of Kulaba, ...... hero of the pristine mountain, ...... handiwork of the gods,

1 line fragmentary

...... of Ninsumun, ...... Lugalbanda, ...... lord Nudimmud,

approx. 7 lines missing

SEGMENT D

"...... having travelled all the roads that there are, having fetched ...... from its ......, having killed ......, you set up ...... for future days ....... Having founded ......, you reached ....... Having brought down the old ...... forgotten forever and ......, he (?) carried out correctly ....... ...... the flood ...... the settlements of the Land."

1 line fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT E

"3 lines fragmentary

Sisig (a god of dreams), the son of Utu, will provide light for him in the nether world, the place of darkness. When a funerary statue is made in honour of someone, whoever they may be, for future days, mighty youths and ...... will form (?) a semicircle at the door-jambs and perform wrestling and feats of strength before them (?). In the month Nenejar, at the festival of the ghosts, no light will be provided before them without him (i.e. Gilgamec)."

"Oh Gilgamec! Enlil, the Great Mountain, the father of gods, has made kingship your destiny, but not eternal life -- lord Gilgamec, this is how to interpret (?) ...... the dream. The ...... and ...... of life should not make you feel sad, should not make you despair, should not make you feel depressed. You must have been told that this is what the bane of being human involves. You must have been told that this is what the cutting of your umbilical cord involved. The darkest day of humans awaits you now. The solitary place of humans awaits you now. The unstoppable flood-wave awaits you now. The unavoidable battle awaits you now. The unequal struggle awaits you now. The skirmish from which there is no escape awaits you now. But you should not go to the underworld with heart knotted in anger. May ...... before Utu. ...... palm-fibre .......

"Go ahead ......

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT F

1 line fragmentary

...... Enkidu, your young comrade.

1 line fragmentary

...... is lying alone. ...... is lying alone. ...... the king .......

1 line fragmentary

...... will come to you. ...... will come to you. ...... will come to you. ...... will come to you. ...... will come to you. ...... will come to you. ...... will come to you. "
unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT G

1 line fragmentary

...... Gilgamec ......

2 lines fragmentary

...... they answered him. ...... he weeps. Why is ...... made ......? ...... Nintud has not given birth yet.

2 lines fragmentary

1 line unclear

"The birds of the sky ...... cannot escape. The fish of the deep water cannot see ....... Having spread his net, the young fisherman will catch you (?). Who has ever seen anyone who could ascend ...... from (?) the ...... of the nether world? No king has ever been destined a fate like yours. Who ...... anyone among mankind, whoever they may be, ...... like you? ...... the governorship of the nether world. You ...... your ghost ...... pass judgments ....... "

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT H

Kulaba ....... As Unug rose ......, as Kulaba rose ....... Within the first month ......, it was not five or ten days before they ...... the Euphrates. ...... its shells. Then, as in the bed of the Euphrates, the earth cracked dry. ...... was built from stone. ...... was built from stone. ...... were hard diorite. ...... its latches were hard stone. ...... were cast in gold. ...... heavy blocks of stone. ...... heavy blocks of stone. ...... brought in ....... ...... for future days.

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...... should not find ....... ...... Gilgamec ...... has established in .......

His beloved .......

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT I

2 lines fragmentary

...... opened .......

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...... of lord Gilgamec ....... ...... scratched the nose for him, ...... pulled out their hair for him.

1 line fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing


Another version from Nibru

(probably the final section of another version)

His beloved wife, his beloved children, his beloved favourite and junior wife, his beloved musician, cup-bearer and ......, his beloved barber, his beloved ......, his beloved palace retainers and servants and his beloved objects were laid down in their places as if ...... in the purified (?) palace in the middle of Unug.

Gilgamec, the son of Ninsumun, set out their audience-gifts for Ereckigala. He set out their gifts for Namtar. He set out their surprises for Dimpikug. He set out their presents for Neti. He set out their presents for Ninjiczida and Dumuzid. He ...... the audience-gifts for Enki, Ninki, Enmul, Ninmul, Endulkuga, Nindulkuga, Enindacurima, Nindacurima, Enmu-utula, Enmencara, the maternal and paternal ancestors of Enlil; for Cul-pa-ed, the lord of the table, for Sumugan and Ninhursaja, for the Anuna gods of the Holy Mound, for the Great Princes of the Holy Mound, for the dead en priests, the dead lagar priests, the dead lumah priests, the dead nindijir priestesses, and the dead gudu, the linen-clad and ...... priests.

1 line fragmentary

He set out their presents for .......

...... lie down ...... Ninsumun ....... Gilgamec, the son of Ninsumun, ...... poured water .......
1 line fragmentary
...... scratched the nose for him. The people ...... of his city ...... will not ...... anymore. They spread out (?) their ...... in the dust.

Then the young lord, lord Gilgamec, who never ceases to ...... for the ...... of Enlil -- Gilgamec, the son of Ninsumun, ...... offshoot ......; no king who could match him has ever been born,

1 line unclear

Gilgamec, lord of Kulaba, it is sweet to praise you!


A version from Me-Turan

SEGMENT A

The great wild bull has lain down and is never to rise again. Lord Gilgamec has lain down and is never to rise again. He who was unique in ...... has lain down and is never to rise again. The hero fitted out with a shoulder-belt has lain down and is never to rise again. He who was unique in strength has lain down and is never to rise again. He who diminished wickedness has lain down and is never to rise again. He who spoke most wisely has lain down and is never to rise again. The plunderer (?) of many countries has lain down and is never to rise again. He who knew how to climb the mountains has lain down and is never to rise again. The lord of Kulaba has lain down and is never to rise again. He has lain down on his death-bed and is never to rise again. He has lain down on a couch of sighs and is never to rise again.

Unable to stand up, unable to sit down, he laments. Unable to eat, unable to drink, he laments. Held fast by the door-bolt of Namtar, he is unable to rise. Like a ...... fish ...... in a cistern, he ...... ill. Like a captured gazelle buck, he ...... couch. Namtar with no hands or feet, who ...... one by night,

1 line fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT B

(The sequence of Segments B, C, D, and E is uncertain)

Then the young lord, lord Gilgamec,

4 lines fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT C

(The sequence of Segments B, C, D, and E is uncertain)

4 lines fragmentary

Then the young lord, lord Gilgamec,

4 lines fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT D

(The sequence of Segments B, C, D, and E is uncertain)

11 lines fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT E

(The sequence of Segments B, C, D, and E is uncertain)

5 lines fragmentary

Gilgamec ......

1 line fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT F

2 lines fragmentary

Then the young lord, lord Gilgamec, lay down on his death-bed.

2 lines fragmentary

After lord Gilgamec had arrived at the assembly, the pre-eminent place of the gods, they said to lord Gilgamec concerning him: "As regards your case: after having travelled all the roads that there are, having fetched cedar, the unique tree, from its mountains, having killed Huwawa in his forest, you set up many stelae for future days, for days to come. Having founded many temples of the gods, you reached Zi-ud-sura in his dwelling place (1 ms. has instead: place). Having brought down to the Land the divine powers of Sumer, which at that time were forgotten forever, the orders, and the rituals, he (?) carried out correctly the rites of hand washing and mouth washing .......

1 line fragmentary "

3 lines missing

2 lines fragmentary

Enlil's advice was given to Enki. Enki answered An and Enlil: "In those days, in those distant days, in those nights, in those distant nights, in those years, in those distant years, after the assembly had made the Flood sweep over to destroy the seed of mankind, among us I was the only one who was for life (?), and so he remained alive (?) -- Zi-ud-sura, although (?) a human being, remained alive (?). Then you made me swear by heaven and by earth, and ...... that no human will be allowed to live forever (?) any more. Now, as we look at Gilgamec, could not he escape because of his mother?"

(Another god speaks:) "Let Gilgamec as a ghost, below among the dead, be the governor of the nether world. Let him be pre-eminent among the ghosts, so that he will pass judgments and render verdicts, and what he says will be as weighty as the words of Ninjiczida and Dumuzid."

Then the young lord Gilgamec became depressed because of (?) all mankind. "You should not despair, you should not feel depressed.

1 line fragmentary

Mighty youths and ...... a semicircle .......

14 lines missing

"Go ahead to the place where the Anuna gods, the great gods, sit at the funerary offerings, to the place where the en priests lie, to where the lagar priests lie, to where the lumah priests and the nindijir priestesses lie, to where the gudu priests lie, to where the linen-clad priests lie, to where the nindijir priestesses lie, to where the ...... lie, to the place where your father, your grandfather, your mother, your sisters, your ......, to where your precious friend, your companion, your friend Enkidu, your young comrade, and the governors appointed by the king to the Great City are, to the place where the sergeants of the army lie, to where the captains of the troops lie,

3 lines missing

From the house of ......, the ...... will come to meet you. Your jewel will come to meet you, your precious one will come to meet you. The elders of your city will come to meet you. You should not despair, you should not feel depressed."

"He will now be counted among the Anuna gods. He will be counted a companion of the (1 ms. adds: great) gods. ...... the governor of the nether world. He will pass judgments and render verdicts, and what he says will be as weighty as the words of Ninjiczida and Dumuzid."

And then the young lord, lord Gilgamec, woke up ....... ...... his eyes, ....... ...... a dream ......! ...... a dream ......!

3 lines fragmentary

"Am I to become again as I were ...... on the lap of my own mother Ninsumun? ...... who makes the great mountains tremble (?). Namtar with no hands or feet takes away ......."

1 line fragmentary

Lord Nudimmud made (?) him see a dream: After lord Gilgamec had arrived at the assembly, the pre-eminent place of the gods, they said to lord Gilgamec concerning him: "As regards your case: after having travelled all the roads that there are, having fetched cedar, the unique tree, from its mountains, having killed Huwawa in his forest, you set up many stelae for future days ....... Having founded many temples of the gods,

1 line fragmentary

Having brought down to the Land the divine powers of Sumer, which at that time were forgotten forever, the orders, and the rituals, he (?) carried out correctly the rites of hand washing and mouth washing. ...... the settlements of the countries."

2 lines fragmentary

1 line fragmentary

...... Gilgamec ....... Enlil's advice was given to Enki. Enki answered An and Enlil: "In those days, in those distant days, in those nights, in those distant nights, in those years, in those distant years, after the assembly had made the Flood sweep over to destroy the seed of mankind ......, among us I was the only one who was for life (?). He remained alive (?); Zi-ud-sura alone, although (?) a human being, remained alive (?). Then you made me swear by heaven and by earth, and I swore that no human will be allowed to live forever (?) any more. Now, as we look at Gilgamec, could not he escape because of his mother?"

(Another god speaks:) "Let Gilgamec as a ghost, below among the dead, be the governor of the nether world. Let him be pre-eminent among the ghosts, so that he will pass judgments and render verdicts, and what he says will be as weighty as the words of Ninjiczida and Dumuzid."

Then the young lord, lord Gilgamec, became depressed because of (?) all mankind. "You should not despair, you should not feel depressed.

1 line fragmentary

Mighty youths and ...... a semicircle ....... Without him (i.e. Gilgamec)....... Sisig (a god of dreams), the son of Utu, will provide light for him in the place of darkness.

"You must have been told (?) that this is what your being (?) a human involves. You must have been told (?) that this is what the cutting of your umbilical cord involved. The darkest day of humans awaits you now. The solitary place of humans awaits you now. The unstoppable flood-wave awaits you now. The unequal struggle awaits you now. The unavoidable battle awaits you now. The evil (?) from which there is no escape awaits you now. But you should not go to the underworld with heart knotted in anger. May it be ...... before Utu. Let it be unravelled like palm-fibre and peeled (?) like garlic.

"Go ahead to the place where the Anuna gods, the great gods, sit at the funerary offerings, to the place where the en priests lie, to where the lagar priests lie, to where the lumah priests and the nindijir priestesses lie, to where the gudu priests lie, to where the linen-clad priests lie, to where the nindijir priestesses lie, to where the ...... lie, to the place where your father, your grandfather, your mother, your sisters, your ......, to where your precious friend, your companion, your friend Enkidu, your young comrade, and the governors appointed by the king to the Great City are, to the place where the sergeants of the army lie, to where the captains of the troops lie. ...... the Great City Arali ......

1 line fragmentary

"From the house of the sisters, the sisters will come to meet you. From the house of ......, ...... will come to meet you. Your jewel will come to meet you, your precious one will come to met you. The elders of your city will come to meet you. You should not despair, you should not feel depressed."

"He ...... the Anuna gods. He will be counted a companion of the great gods.

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT G

5 lines fragmentary

SEGMENT H

5 lines fragmentary

His architect (?) designed his tomb like ....... His god Enki showed him where the solution of the dream lies by ....... No one but the ...... of the king could solve the vision.

The lord imposed a levy on his city. The herald made the horn signal sound in all the lands: " Unug, arise! Open up the Euphrates! Kulaba, arise! Divert the waters of the Euphrates!" Unug's levy was a flood, Kulaba's levy was a clouded sky. Meanwhile not even the first month had passed (1 ms. has instead: ......), it was not five or ten days before they had opened up the Euphrates and diverted its high water. Utu looked at its shells with admiration. Then as soon as the water in the bed of the Euphrates had receded, his tomb was built there from stone. Its walls were built from stone. Its door leaves were installed in the sockets (?) of the entrance. Its bolt and thresholds were hard stone. Its door-pivots were hard stone. They installed its gold beams. Heavy block of stone were moved to ....... ...... was covered with a thick layer of (1 ms. has instead: was covered (?) with) dark soil. ...... for future days.

1 line fragmentary

...... who are searching for it should not find its precinct (?). He set up a solid house in the middle of Unug.

His beloved wife, his beloved children, his beloved favourite and junior wife,

7 lines fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT I

...... Gilgamec ......

3 lines fragmentary

...... entered, ...... its entrance. ...... opened up the Euphrates, ...... its water.

1 line fragmentary

Then the young lord, lord Gilgamec,

2 lines fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT J

2 lines fragmentary

...... Gilgamec ......

8 lines fragmentary

unknown no. of lines missing

SEGMENT K

...... to the city ....... ...... smeared with dust .......

...... lord Gilgamec despaired and felt depressed. For all the people, whoever they may be, funerary statues are made for future days, and set aside in the temples of the gods. Their names, once uttered, do not sink into oblivion. Aruru, the older sister of Enlil, provides them with offspring for that purpose (?). Their statues are made for future days and they are mentioned in the Land. Ereckigala, mother of Ninazu, it is sweet to praise you!


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Main Index

Sumerian Tablets The Isin King List The Sumerian King list The Tablet of Adapa Akkadian Advice Akkadian Precepts A tigi for Bau to Gudea Adab for Bau to Luma The Cursing of Agade Dumuzid's dream Dumuzid and Enkimdu Dumuzid and Geshtin-ana Enki builds the E-engurra Enki and Ninhursag Enki and Ninmah Enki and the World Order Enlil in the E-kur Enlil and Ninlil Enlil and Sud Enmerkar and En-sughgir-ana Enmerkar and Lord Aratta Ereshkigal The Eridu Genesis The Farmer"s instruction Sumerian Flood Story Gilgamesh and Aga Gilgamesh - Bull of Heaven The Deadth of Gilgamesh Gilgamesh and Enkidu Gilgamesh and Huwawa The Heron and the Turtle The History of the Tummal How Grain came to Sumer A tigii to Inana Inana and Bilulu Inana to the Nether world A balbale to Inana - Dumuzid Inana and Ebih Inana and Enki Inana and Iddin-Dagan A Mythic Narrative Inana Inana and Shu-kale-tuda Inscription Umma and Lagash Instructions of Shuruppag The Lament of Eridug The Lament for Nibru The Lament for Sumer - Urim The Lament for Unug The Lament for Ur The Lament for Urim Letter from Ibbi-Suen Lugulbanda The Marriage of Martu Contracts from Mesopotamia Laws from Mesopotamia The Myth of Etana The Myth of Anzu Nanna-Suen's journey to Nibru Building of Ningirsu's temple Ningishzida to the Netherworld A shir-gida to Nininsina Nininsina and the Gods The exploits of Ninurta Ninurta and the Turtle 3 Ox-drivers from Adab Pabilsaj's journey to Nibru Praise Poem of Shulgi Poem of Utu-Hejal Proverbs from Ki-en-gir Rulers of Lagash The Sargon legend The Shumunda grass Return of Ninurta to Nibru Lugulbanda in the Cave The death of Ur-Nammu Praise poem of Ur-Nammu A tigi to Enlil for Ur-Namma THE TEMPLE HYMNS Sumerian Mythology


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