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Chapter 2


FROM GODDESS TO KING

A History of Ancient Europe from the

OERA LINDA BOOK

By Anthony Radford


CHAPTER 2

THE GEOLOGICAL DISASTERS

Mankind has traditionally divided his ancient past into ages such as those that the eighth century BC poet Hesiod from Greece described. They were, according to him, four in number and symbolized by gold, silver, bronze, and iron during which manís consciousness declined. If this were so then our early ancestors were not bestial primitives but noble heroes. That thought might be aroused in reading the source of this material but it would be more advantageous to find the similarities we still possess, to be more watchful of our communities and the true motivation and capabilities of our officers.

Today there is a lot of interest in the coming Age of Aquarius, one of the ways that we divide our history on a long time basis. Still in use today are the twelve names of the zodiac, which are related to a Great Year of 25,920 Earth years, first recorded in ancient Sumer. Astronomers say this is not the rotation of our Milky Way galaxy which has a period of 250,000 years but a wobble in the axis of the Earth plus a spin or precession of a local arm of our galaxy where our own Solar system is located. It represents an apparent rotation of the stars as seen from Earth, an apparent direction relative to our own galaxy but not to any larger order of the universe. Still that is a very big concept for this tiny portion of the universe wherein all directions are relative anyway. Dividing this Great Year by twelve, we get 2,160 or one Zodiacal Year. This is a period related to the constellations that are seen and named in the sky. This list of zodiacal ages shows the time period of the Book.

A table of these ages can be shown thus:

  • Age of Aquarius 23,820 BC to 21,660 BC
  • Age of Capricorn 21,660 BC to 19,500 BC
  • Age of Sagittarius 19,500 BC to 17,340 BC
  • Age of Scorpion 17,340 BC to 15,180 BC
  • Age of Virgo 13,020 BC to 10,860 BC
  • Age of Leo 10,860 BC to 8,700 BC
  • Age of Cancer 8,700 BC to 6,540 BC
  • Age of Gemini 6,540 BC to 4,380 BC
  • Age of Taurus 4,380 BC to 2,220 BC
  • Age of Aries 2,220 BC to 60 BC
  • Age of Pisces 60 BC to 2,100 AD
  • Age of Aquarius 2,100 AD to 4,260 AD

These ages also represent a change in consciousness, not just astronomical directions and are therefore not limited to an exact period. Many people now feel the speed of todayís events and are already celebrating the new age of the Water Carrier without having to wait another hundred years. There is also a sense that the change of an age should be accompanied by something dramatic like the birth of a savior or perhaps a natural disaster of continental proportions. Maybe this is why stories are current about the loss of California into the Pacific Ocean.

This sense may be reinforced by our own history as the first geological disaster described and dated in the Oera Linda Book occurred in 2,193 BC. This was just twenty-seven years after the astronomical date for the end of the Age of the Bull and the beginning of the Age of the Ram. The description tells of three years of prior rumbling or heaviness in the air followed by one to two hundred years of "bad times" when total reconstruction of society was obligatory. At this time invaders swept in from the east and occupied the devastated lands, the barrier forests of which the Black Forest is a tiny remnant, were penetrated by the Finns and the Magyars, and at night the foe rested in the foe-rest.

The Cimbrian Flood has been dated from the same time period but is more likely to be much later because it gets its name from the Cimbri, a Germanic tribe that is remembered for their incursion into Roman Italy in 101 BC. and for other victories over the Romans. In alliance with the Teutons they fought in 113, 109, and 107 BC. The tradition is that they were forced out of Denmark by the encroaching sea and migrated southwards until they felt the expansion of Rome They numbered half a million by then. The Oera Linda Book mentions another flood in the region of Denmark in 305 BC which could be that disturbance remembered in their tribal story. It is interesting to note that the Cimbri are also referred to in very ancient Welsh ballads. They were the name of the people who sought to return to Wales (in Westland) from Crimea after their ancestors were forced out by a flood. The Briti (hence Britain) were another of their tribes. At this time it is appropriate to explain the use of the word "German". Its first mention is in the time of Caesar when the Germani were described as those tribesmen who crossed over the Rhine into Roman territory. Those already under occupation were called the Galli, a distinction that has divided Germans from Celts ever since. The ancient name for Germany was Twiskland with the people east of the Rhine being called Twiskars but these people did not have a common name for themselves. The Oera Linda Book has much to say on the origins of many various peoples, more mixed than previously supposed. The author uses the term Germanic to represent all West European language groups particularly those that predate Latin and as a more generic word than in the modern sense.

The prodigious events of the twenty-second century BC must have been felt around the world but few societies have records, which go back that far. The geologists will have to explore this further but the event should have been recorded in ancient Egypt and indeed it was. The events were stupendous enough to have been not recorded as no pharaoh survived to erect a monument for two hundred years. About 2,200 BC Egyptís First Intermediary Period began after the first ten contiguous dynasties abruptly ended. The religious center at Heliopolis and the capital of Memphis (Greek names for Egyptian cities) were destroyed. The country was overrun, repeatedly ravaged and pillaged by barbarian horsemen from what is now believed to be the east or the land of Arabia. Eventually order was restored in Upper Egypt with a new capital at Thebes under the Eleventh Dynasty. After two hundred years, the Twelfth Dynasty reunited the country with much rebuilding of the temples and Ra, the premier god of old Egypt was renamed Amon; a new age began with very little reference to why this all occurred. Who survived to record the events?

The Old Testament tells the story of Sodom and Gomorra, two Cities of the Plain which are thought to have been the result of a geological disturbance about 2000 BC. However there are no young volcanic rocks in the area of the Dead Sea if that area is an accurate assessment of the site. The numerous asphalt deposits in the fault plagued region do suggest a different type of disturbance could have caused the events reported in Genesis; even the occurrence of natural gas fires. That there is a connection with the disturbance in northwest Europe at the time would be pure speculation.

The next great disaster of mythology is that one which has been dated presumably at the end of the Minoan civilization and the beginning of the classical Greek one, but is now known to have occurred a hundred years earlier. It is one of the last stories of the Greek myths, the story of Theseus and the Minotaur, of Daedalus and Icarus. About 1650 BC, the destruction of Knossos on Crete and the city of Aquatilia on Thera, an island north of Crete, have strengthened the contention that Crete was the site of Atlantis of a much older time. That there was earthquake and fire has been determined but the date remains approximate. When was this event? New research shows it to be as early as 1650 BC but others give a date as late as 1050 BC. Nobody knows for sure as the disasters mentioned in any one area could have been very devastating but actually local to that area.

This disturbance is not mentioned directly in the Oera Linda Book but an earthquake is recorded in Egypt and land disturbances in Persia that can be dated to the beginning of the sixteenth century BC. Also there are many centuries of history that have been lost to us in this one surviving record. Eastern Mediterranean quakes may not have been known in the north and west of Europe just as there is little datable evidence for the European quakes of 305 BC that are detailed in the Book in the history of the Mediterranean and the Near East. This disaster is more extensively described than the first one, even though it could not have been as devastating as the 2193 BC events, because it occurred at a time when they were deliberately writing down their history. The warning signs should be of vital interest now that there is much current speculation on the possibility of a major quake in our time. The signs at that time included three years of volcanic fires with little sun and an ominous feeling perhaps from subsonic rumblings. Exceptional weather and seismic events can be easily measured today but we are still surprised when something happens.

In order to relate geological events to historical and mythical ones, a brief chronological table of significant events mentioned in the Oera Linda Book is here included. Dates are approximated when not specifically known. So many stories are told over such a long period in history that it is difficult to write an overview until the story itself is read but there are messages for us as well as adventures to excite and capture our imagination. Why do we find a fascination with stories from the past and why do only some of us want to vicariously share particular adventures? Perhaps we have lived them ourselves; been a pirate or a lonely farm wife waiting for her man to come home and wondering what tales he would bring.

Here is the list:

  • BC
  • 2193 Sinking of Atland.
  • 2163 Alternative calculation for the sinking.
  • 2150 The end of the Early Minoan period.
  • 2140 Fasta opens a citadel at Medesblik.
  • 2092 Finns settle in Finland.
  • 2012 Minna, Earth Mother. Finns overran Schoonland.
  • 2011 Wodin leads campaign to free Schoonland.
  • 2000 Teunis founds Tyre, south of Sidon.
  • 1750 The end of the Middle Minoan period.
  • 1650 The eruption of Mt. Thera.
  • 1650 The end of Late Minoan-A.
  • 1620 Jon goes to the Mediterranean.
  • 1615 Possible time Minerva founded Athens.
  • 1600 Kalta founds the Celtic Empire.
  • 1600 Minno and the beginnings of classical Crete.
  • 1590 Burgtmaid Geert of Athens.
  • 1555 Destruction of Knossos, end of Minoan civilization.
  • 1550 Geertmen settle in the Punjab.
  • 1500 Aryan invasion of India.
  • 1400 Date of the Vedas.
  • 1200 - 1190 The Trojan war.
  • 1188 Story of Ulysses.
  • 591 Earth Mother Frana at Texland.
  • 586 Invasion of Texland and murder of Frana.
  • 560 Adela acting as un-elected Earth Mother.
  • 558 The first book of the Book of Adela written.
  • 557 Further invasions and murder of Adela.
  • 540 Apollonia writes of previous generation.
  • 325 Geertmen leave Punjab with Nearchus.
  • 323 Death of Alexander.
  • 305 Second geological disaster
  • 305 Demetrius sieges Rhodes.
  • 304 Gosa Makonta elected Earth Mother.
  • 303 Return of the Geertmen.
  • 290 Time of Frethorik and Wiljo, contributors to the Book.
  • 265 The death of Friso.
  • 250 Adel becomes chief count with his bride Ifkja.
  • 250 Rebuilding projects described by Konered.
  • 70 Approximate time of King Askar
  • 50 Caesar annexes Gaul to Rome.
  • 10 Beeden contributes to the Book.
  • AD
  • 803 Liko Over de Linda saves the Book from a flood.
  • 1256 Hiddo Over de Linda recopies the Book on new paper.
  • 1848 Cornelius Over de Linden receives the Book from his aunt.
  • 1867 Dr. Verwijs translates the Book.
  • 1871 Dutch translation of the Book.
  • 1876 English language publication of the Oera Linda Book.

Todayís archaeologist uses many modern techniques to make archaeology closer to an exact science. Carbon dating, microspore analysis, metallurgical analysis and clay or stone identification has moved the speculative side to unexamined sites. The problem of finding evidence to support or disprove the Book is that few discoveries have been made or examined in the northern oceans. Many harbors and cities have been found all around the Mediterranean that have been submerged, but the North has colder waters of shifting sands and kelp beds, where it is not as rewarding or convenient for the undersea explorer to work in sunless weeds. In Helgoland, a North Frisian island that is now part of Germany again, underwater walls and foundations using six-foot stones have been found. They measure five hundred feet long and surround a hill containing the remains of more structures. This was once a citadel or castle fortified by several concentric walls, now under water.

We know that the oceans are rising at about three or four inches every century because of the melting of the ice caps but the studies done in the Mediterranean do not give any regular dating of flooded cities in proportion to how deep they are submerged. The Greek City of Helike abruptly sank in the fourth century BC that relates to the second disaster in the Book but shows that no smooth theory can be applied. Some areas go up as others go down. This is particularly true in Scandinavia where the removal of the ice has permitted the peninsula to rise 1500 feet in the last 10,000 years with a present rate of three feet each century. This elevation of one area would permit the submergence of another and it is so told in the Book, not as a slow change every century but as an abrupt disaster in 2193 BC.

It is also known that for more than a thousand years the sea did not rise in the Mediterranean so that averages over long periods have little meaning for any century; sudden changes or earthquakes being more likely to occur. The archaeologist is being forced to join with the geologist, the oceanographer and the new scientists studying gravimetric data from space satellites to discover the ancient coastlines of countries and archaeological sites.

Disasters will always happen but the world continues to spin. It is quite encouraging to read of the social recovery of the various peoples described as life goes on with a combination of the old and the new writing another chapter of history. The Book describes how new harbors or mooring were made, citadels rebuilt and of various peoples settling and reclaiming lost land. With our reliance on highways, pipelines and power-lines it makes one wonder if modern man can survive such an ordeal as easily as can a simple rural society. We are told how the black rowers, all men, took to the ships and survived. They found willing white women whose menfolk did not survive at sea and the races blended again. Social distrust of the new mixed settlers occurred just as it still does today but then, the last Earth Mother, Gosa counseled acceptance of this new social order from the only citadel that was not destroyed.

If ones tries to find similarities in facts and beliefs in pre-Christian mythology to support the authenticity of the Oera Linda Book then it is not an exact science; it merely shows various similarities of references that prove nothing but they do kindle the imagination. For example, what can be found in the earliest Irish and Welsh stories which have survived Christian influence? There are many such stories relating to fire, flood and conquest and parallels can be drawn to the disasters mentioned but as there is no way to verify the dates referred to, then only a feeling of familiarity can be ascertained from them. The traditional date for the first people of Ireland is 145 years after that of the disaster they recorded as 2193 BC.

Celtic mythology for Ireland is considered the least influenced or distorted but it was recorded during Christian times, as early as the eighth century AD and as late as the fourteenth. Their earliest story tells of the origin of the first known peoples, the first race having perished in the biblical flood. The next race to invade Ireland about 2048 BC was a group of twenty-four males and twenty-four females led by Partholon, a male father figure. They found only a treeless landscape of lakes and rivers but for five hundred years they multiplied and had to fight against the Fomorians, a race of demons who used supernatural powers and were reputed to have come from Africa. African settlers in Europe are mentioned several times in the Book and contributed their genes to the European mixture almost as prolifically as the migrations from Asia but to return to the Irish story... The Partholon were decimated by a pestilence which was followed a generation later by natural disasters that cleared newly grown forests and formed new lakes. At that time (1718 BC) the country was invaded by the Nemed who also had to fight the Fomorians and were eventually defeated and driven from Ireland.

The only references that can be taken from this is the prestidigitatious number of twenty-four males and females, which is similar to the story of Lyda, Finda and Frya, the three mother goddesses of the human race according to the most ancient mythology of the Book. They each bore twelve couples per year for twelve years. But twelve and twenty-four are magic numbers in ancient myths. Perhaps the Fomorians could be linked to a branch of the Finns whose Magi or priest king used magic in battle. The two disasters hinted at were approximately five or six hundred years apart and they do not relate to the twenty-third, sixteenth and fourth century BC natural disasters. Even the dates taken from other sources make it very difficult to even speculate on a correspondence between myths. Geological disasters were most likely to be local and if global or continental in magnitude, then not recorded by the struggling survivors.


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Main Index

Plates en Maps Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24 Glossary Biblography Appendix A Appendix B


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